In Design Thinking, there is an emphasis on empathetic design. To create an empathetic design, the learning must be, in part, designed by the end user.
SAM (SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATION MODEL) is a different approach to the development of instructional design products that addresses the performance need through iterations, repeated small steps, rather than with perfectly executed giant steps. SAM challenges the notion of moving through a linear process (like ADDIE) from Analysis to Evaluation as an effective strategy for designing learning events intending to produce greater performance. SAM addresses the roadblocks we all face (product quality, meeting timelines and budgets, and managing SMEs). – Michael Allen